- The honeybee is one of the hardest working creatures on earth.
- The most studied living being on the planet after humans.
- Also called as “the summit of sophisticated engineering”
- The honey bee colony is the best model of “Social societies” in terms of efficiency and cooperation.
- A colony consists of more than one hundred thousand individual members, all working together seamlessly.
- Honey bees are the world’s best flower pollinator, without which trees and plant can not survive.
A perfectly proportioned insect with large eyes, four slender wings, and a large tail with horizontal stripes. Honeybees have three body regions:
Honeybee’s head is triangular when viewed from the front. There are two antennae Near the centre of the head. They are important sensory organ. The tiny sensory hairs found on each antenna are highly responsive to odour and touch.
It has two compound eyes and three simple eyes, located on the head.
large compound eyes made up of almost seven thousand tiny lenses.
In addition, honeybees have three smaller (and simpler) eyes called ocelli.
Ocelli are sensitive to light, but can not view the image.
A long hairy tongue is used to feed liquid nectar. It works like a tiny straw. After feeding, It folds it behind her head.
Honey bees have a pair of pliers called Mandible, It is used for cutting, grasping, to squeeze flower, to eat bee pollen and to build wax comb.
The thorax is the middle part of the bee, attached with three pairs of legs and two pairs of wings.
Legs that are used primarily for walking. However, the forelegs have tiny hairs designed to clean the antennae and hind legs contain pollen basket. once collected bee pollen are pressed into pellets.
Wings: There are two pairs of flat, thin, membranous wings. The front wings are bigger. these light & powerful wings produce around 230 beats per second.
The abdomen has nine segments, which has wax glands. whereas the stinger is present at the tapered end, it measures 0.32 cm. honey bees eject venom through the stinger.
The tip is barbed so it can enter the victim’s body easily but cannot be pulled out. That is why Honey bee gets killed once stung.
The body is covered with very tiny hairs, including the eyes. The fine hairs on the forelegs allow the bee to clean its antennae, while those on the hind legs enable the bee to scoop pollen from the flower.